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How to Cook a Pot Roast in the Oven OR Slow Cooker – Dutch Oven Pot Roast Recipe + Crock Pot Roast Instructions!

Healthy Pot Roast Dinner for a Crowd: Beef Chuck Pot Roast with Potatoes and Carrots 

A hearty beef pot roast is one of the most comforting one pot meals of all time—and one of my all-time favorites! In this Dutch oven pot roast recipe, I’ll show you how to slow cook pot roast in the oven until it’s irresistibly tender and juicy. But, if don’t have or don’t want to use a Dutch oven, I’ll also be sharing how to cook pot roast in a crock pot or slow cooker!

I LOVED eating this beef chuck pot roast with potatoes and carrots when I was a kid. And, as an adult, pot roast has become one of my go-to healthy one pot meals because it’s so satisfying and so EASY to make. Whether it’s a Dutch oven pot roast or crock pot roast, both methods are equally simple—and the result is equally delicious!

If you take the Dutch oven pot roast route, you’re tossing everything into a Dutch oven and then cooking it in your actual oven. On the slow cooker pot roast route, toss it all in the crock pot to cook. For maximum flavor, I do recommend briefly searing the meat and sauteeing the veggies before slow cooking everything. But, it’s an optional step that you’re welcome to skip!

Best of all, in childhood and adulthood, a healthy pot roast dinner is one of the BEST (and tastiest)ways to fit more veggies into my day. All of those tender, sweet carrots and savory potatoes, slow cooked with that rich, flavorful beef and loads of fragrant herbs—it’s a mouth-watering meal that never gets old!

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What is the Best Meat for Pot Roast in a Dutch Oven?

Whether you’re making a Dutch oven pot roast or a slow cooker pot roast, the specific cut of meat isn’t as important as how the meat is cooked.

Basically, you’re taking a big cut of beef, putting it in a pot with some cooking liquid and seasonings, and slow-cooking ‘til it’s tender enough to melt in your mouth. But, because of that low temperature and longer cooking time, some cuts are better for pot roast than others.

Generally, the best meat for pot roast is any tougher cut—meaning lean cuts with very little fat, lots of connective tissue, and lots of collagen. During the longer cook time, the collagen breaks down into gelatin and the tougher meat becomes irresistibly tender and juicy.

In my opinion, the best meat for pot roast is a chuck roast of some kind. I’m using a boneless chuck roast for this Dutch oven pot roast recipe, but you could also use a chuck shoulder roast, beef chuck arm, or shoulder steak.

Or, if beef chuck pot roast isn’t your thing, brisket, rump roast, or bottom round can also make for a tasty pot roast!

Preparing your Pot Roast Meat Cut

Another reason that a healthy pot roast dinner is a winner: there’s not much prep to do! Since the best cut of meat for pot roast is any tougher, leaner cut, it shouldn’t have much fat on it to begin with. Plus, any fat that is there will only add to the richness and flavor in your Dutch oven pot roast as it slow cooks, so no need to trim it.

Whichever pot roast meat cut you decide to use, the only real prep you’ll DEFINITELY want to do is season your roast liberally before you begin cooking it. It doesn’t need to be fancy! Simple salt and pepper are enough to bring out the natural flavors, and it’ll soak up loads of flavor from your other pot roast seasonings while cooking.

Just be sure to season BOTH sides of your roast!

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Recommended Pot Roast Temperature – How to Slow Cook Pot Roast in Oven

Remember, the key to a tender pot roast is slow-and-low cooking: a lower cooking temperature and a longer cook time.That’s why I prefer to slow cook pot roast in the oven or in a crock pot, and it’s always worth the wait!

For this Dutch oven pot roast or cooking any pot roast in the oven, my recommended temperature is 275°F (135°C). Or, set your slow cooker / crock pot roast to cook on low heat instead of high.

Yes, that lower pot roast temperature means it will need to cook for some hours. But trust me, your chuck roast will turn out SO much more flavorful and succulent!

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How to Make Pot Roast the Simplest Way vs. the Most Flavorful Way

For the simplest route, toss that seasoned roast and all of your other pot roast ingredients straight into the Dutch oven or crock pot. No searing, sauteing, or pre-cooking of any kind—everything goes in raw and uncooked. After cooking low-and-slow, it’ll all cook through just fine and taste great.

BUT, your healthy pot roast could be even MORE flavorful with only 5-10 minutes of extra work! The secret is searing your beef roast and sauteing the veggies before slow cooking them in the oven or crock pot.

It’s an optional extra step, but the few minutes are worth the maximum deliciousness in my opinion!

How to Cook a Pot Roast in a Dutch Oven or Slow Cooker

To start, heat your Dutch oven over medium-high heat on the stovetop and add a bit of oil. Then, toss in your sliced onions, celery, and carrots, and saute those veggies for a few minutes. (If slow cooker pot roast is more your style, simply do this step in a separate pan!)

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Saute onions, celery, carrots, and garlic over medium-high heat.
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After a few minutes, remove sauteed veggies from pan and set aside.

Once fragrant and becoming tender, remove the veggies from your Dutch oven or pan and set aside temporarily.

Next, with your Dutch oven or pan still over heat, sear the meat! Add your entire roast into the hot pan and cook for a minute or two on each side, using tongs to flip. It doesn’t need long—just until each side is lightly browned.

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Add roast into hot pan and sear for 1-2 minutes.
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Flip to sear on the other side another 1-2 minutes.

Pot Roast Seasoning Mixture

While the meat is searing, take a moment to whisk together your pot roast seasoning mixture: broth, balsamic vinegar, Worcestershire sauce, and Djion mustard. You want this ready to go when the meat is done!

After searing, remove the meat and pour in your pot roast seasoning mixture, deglazing the pan. Give it a good whisk, scraping any goodness that’s stuck to the bottom and mixing it in for added flavor.

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While meat sears, whisk together broth, balsamic, Worcestershire, and Dijon.
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Remove seared meat and pour in seasoning mixture to deglaze the pan.

*Now, if you’re making slow cooker pot roast, transfer that seasoning mixture from your pan into your slow cooker / crock pot. Then, continue following the Dutch oven pot roast steps below, just in your slow cooker!*

For the Dutch oven pot roast recipe, leave that seasoning mixture right where it is and add your seared meat back into the pan. Make sure half of the roast is covered with liquid, adding a bit more broth if needed. Then, dump your sauteed vegetables on top of the meat.

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Return seared roast to the pan with broth mixture.
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Add sauteed veggies on top of meat.

Then, since pot roast with carrots and potatoes has been my favorite since childhood, I had to add some baby potatoes into this Dutch oven pot roast as well!

Just toss the potatoes with oil, salt, and pepper in a separate bowl, then add them into the Dutch oven. I like to use petite potatoes because I can keep them whole and they won’t turn to mush after the slow-and-low cooking.

Last but not least, all of the best pot roast recipes need some fresh herbs! I added a few sprigs of fresh thyme and rosemary into my Dutch oven pot roast before closing it up—feel free to use whichever herbs you like.

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Toss baby potatoes with oil, salt, and pepper before adding into Dutch oven or slow cooker.
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Add a few sprigs of fresh thyme and fresh rosemary before closing up the lid and cooking.

How Long to Cook Pot Roast in Oven vs. Slow Cooker / Crock Pot Roast

Now, put the lid onto your Dutch oven or slow cooker and you’re ready to cook! The other major difference between these two cooking methods is how long to cook pot roast in the oven vs. in a crock pot or slow cooker.

  • To slow cook Dutch oven pot roast in the oven, cook for 4-5 hours at 275F. Just add your entire Dutch oven—with the lid on—into your preheated oven and let it go slow and low!
  • For crock pot / slow cooker pot roast, cook for 6-8 hours on the low heat setting, or 4-5 hours on high heat. I personally think this beef chuck pot roast (and pretty much every slow cooker recipe) turns out most flavorful and tender when cooked on low heat! But, higher heat is also an option to cut down on the cook time—and let’s be real, it’ll still be super tasty.

You’ll know your Dutch oven pot roast or crock pot roast is done when the meat is crave-ably tender and falling apart! (If you’re unsure, use two forks to test the meat and see how easy it is to shred.)

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You’ll know your pot roast is done when the meat is tender enough to fall apart!

Straight from the Dutch oven or crock pot, your healthy pot roast dinner is ready to serve!

If you use a 4 lb roast like I did, you’ll likely have enough to feed a crowd—and still have leftovers… My 4 lb beef chuck pot roast yielded around 3 lbs of cooked meat, which is around 12 servings. The servings will ultimately vary based on the weight of your original roast, but safe to say: there’ll be plenty of food!

An awesome one pot dinner idea for a family that’s also great for weekly meal prep purposes. Or, try this healthy pot roast recipe at your next holiday gathering for a more nutritious feast—that’s just as comforting and satisfying!

One Pot & One Pan Dinner Ideas – 3 Easy Healthy Dinner Recipes!

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Easy Dutch Oven Pot Roast with Potatoes and Carrots

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How to Slow Cook Pot Roast in Oven PLUS Crock Pot Roast Instructions

  • Author: Alyssia Sheikh
  • Prep Time: 10 minutes
  • Cook Time: 4-5 hours
  • Total Time: 4-5 hours
  • Yield: ~12 servings

Ingredients

Pot Roast Ingredients & Seasonings

Beef Chuck Roast & Sauteed Vegetables

4 lb chuck roast
salt & pepper, to taste
drizzle of oil
1½ cups yellow onion, sliced
1 head of garlic, peeled into cloves & smashed
4 large carrots, cut into 1-2” pieces
3 stalks of celery, cut into 1” pieces

Pot Roast Seasoning Mixture

3 cups vegetable, chicken or beef broth
3 Tbsp balsamic vinegar
1 Tbsp Worcestershire sauce
2 Tbsp Dijon mustard

Seasoned Potatoes & Herbs

1 lb baby potatoes of choice, halved (or leave whole if potatoes are small)
drizzle of oil
salt & pepper, to taste
3 sprigs fresh thyme
3 sprigs fresh rosemary

Garnish 

¼ cup fresh parsley and thyme (to add after cooking)

Instructions

How to Cook Pot Roast in a Dutch Oven

  • Preheat oven to 275°F (135C°).
  • Season chuck roast liberally with salt and pepper on both sides.
  • Heat oil in Dutch oven over medium-high heat. Add oil, onions, celery, carrots, and smashed garlic cloves and saute for a few minutes. Remove cooked vegetables and set aside for a moment.
  • Heat another drizzle of oil in the Dutch oven and add chuck roast. Sear for 1-2 minutes on each side, until lightly brown. Remove the meat after searing and set aside.
  • In a large measuring cup, whisk together broth, balsamic vinegar, Worcestershire sauce, and Dijon mustard.
  • Pour broth mixture into Dutch oven over medium heat and deglaze the pan. Whisk to get any goodness that’s stuck to the bottom of the pan incorporated into your broth mixture for added flavor!
  • Add meat back into the Dutch oven, making sure half of it is covered with liquid—add additional broth, if needed. Return sauteed veggies to the pot on top of the meat. In a mixing bowl, toss baby potatoes with oil, salt, and pepper.
  • Add seasoned potatoes and fresh herb sprigs to the Dutch oven.
  • Cover with the lid and roast in the oven for 4-5 hours. When the meat is falling apart and tender, it’s ready!
  • Carefully remove lid and transfer to a serving dish or plates. (If you come across any intact sprigs of thyme or rosemary in the pot while serving, just remove them!)
  • Serve with a sprinkle with chopped parsley and thyme and enjoy!

Yields ~12 servings Dutch oven pot roast dinner.

How to Make Pot Roast in Crock Pot or Slow Cooker

Simplest method:

  • Add veggies and garlic into bottom of slow cooker or crock pot.
  • Place seasoned chuck roast on top.
  • Add remaining ingredients (besides garnish) to slow cooker and cover with lid. Cook on low heat for 6-8 hours or high heat for 4-5 hours, until tender.
  • Serve and enjoy!

OPTION for added flavor:

  • Before adding ingredients to the slow cooker or crock pot, saute veggies and garlic for a few minutes over medium-high heat. Remove from heat and set aside.
  • Add seasoned chuck roast to hot pan and sear for a few minutes on each side, until lightly browned.
  • While roast is searing, combine pot roast seasoning mixture. Remove roast from pan and pour in broth mixture to deglaze the pan. Whisk well to remove any flavorful goodness that’s stuck to the pan.
  • Pour seasoning mixture into slow cooker. Add seared roast and cooked veggies, followed by remaining pot roast ingredients.
  • Close lid and cook on low heat 6-8 hours or high heat 4-5 hours, until tender.

Notes

*Number of servings will vary based on the size/weight of your roast.

Nutrition provided below per meal: ~4 oz cooked pot roast with carrots and potatoes

Nutrition

  • Serving Size: 1 meal
  • Calories: 421
  • Sugar: 3g
  • Fat: 27g
  • Carbohydrates: 13g
  • Fiber: 2g
  • Protein: 29g
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